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Ghusl Steps

Ghusl Steps

In this blog we are going to learn Ghusl Steps

Understand Five causes of Ghusl being Farḍ (Compulsory)

  • 1. Discharge of semen from the organ after it has left its origin due to lust.
  • 2. Nocturnal emission (ejaculation of semen during sleep).
  • 3. Putting the head of the penis into the vagina of a woman or anus of a man regardless of whether or not in a state of lust, and whether or not ejaculation takes place. It is Farḍ for both of them to perform Ghusl provided both are adult. If one of them is adult Ghusl is Farḍ for him. Although the other one is a minor and Ghusl is not Farḍ for them, they will be asked to do Ghusl.
  • 4. After the menses have stopped.
  • 5. After the post-natal bleeding has stopped. (Baĥār-e-Sharī’at, part 2, pp. 43, 45, 46)

Ghusl does not become Farḍ (Compulsory) in following cases

  • 1. If semen moves from its origin without lust e.g. semen is discharged as a result of lifting weight or falling from a higher place or due to stress applied during defecation, Ghusl will not become Farḍ but Wudu will become invalid.
  • 2. If semen is thin and its drops are discharged without lust when urinating or doing any work, Ghusl will not become Farḍ but Wuḍū will become invalid.
  • 3. If someone thinks that nocturnal emission has occurred but there is no trace of it on the clothing etc, Ghusl is not Farḍ. (Baĥār-e-Sharī’at, part 2, pp. 43)

ghusl steps

Follow Three Farāiḍ (Compulsory Element) of Ghusl

  • 1. Rinsing the mouth
  • 2. Sniffing water into the nose
  • 3. Pouring water on the whole apparent body

(Fatāwā ‘Ālamgīrī, vol. 1, pp. 13)

  • 1. Rinsing the mouth Taking a little water into the mouth and then spitting it out quickly is not sufficient. It is essential that water reach every part and every cavity of the mouth from lips to the end of the throat. In the same way, water must reach the cavities behind the molars [i.e. large back teeth] including the gaps and roots of the teeth, all sides of the tongue and the end of the throat. If you are not fasting, gargle as well (as it is Sunnaĥ to do so). If bits of betel nuts or pieces of meat are stuck in between the teeth, they must be removed. If one suspects harm in case of removing them, she is exempted from removing them. Prior to making Ghusul, if the pieces of meat etc. are stuck in between the teeth and the Ghusl-making person did not notice them and offered Ṣalāĥ having performed Ghusl without removing them but later on she realized that pieces of meat etc. were stuck in between the teeth, it is now Farḍ for her to remove them and wash that area with water. The Ṣalāĥ offered is valid. If a loose tooth is fixed with some filling or wire and water cannot reach beneath the filling or the wire, it is exempted. (Baĥār-e-Sharī’at, part 2, pp. 38; Fatāwā Razawiyyaĥ, vol. 1, pp. 439-440)


  • 2. Sniffing water into the nose Quickly splashing some water onto the tip of the nose is not sufficient. It is essential to wash the inside of the nose up to the end of the soft bone i.e. up to the starting point of the hard bone. This can only be done by sniffing water upwards. Remember if even as much space as a hair-tip is left unwashed, Ghusul will not be valid. If dried mucus has accumulated inside the nose, it is Farḍ to remove it. It is Farḍ to wash the nasal hair as well. (ibid, ibid, pp. 442, 443)


  • 3. Ablution of the whole external body It is obligatory to wash with water each and every part and down (i.e. soft fine hair) of the external body from the hairs of the head to the soles of the feet. There are some body parts which may remain unwashed, if special care is not taken, and Ghusul will not be valid. (Baĥār-e-Sharī’at, part 2, pp. 39)

Method of Ghusl

Advice to take caution during Farḍ Ghusul The Beloved and Blessed Prophet ﷺ has said, ‘Whoever leaves unwashed a space equal to a hair during Ghusul-e-Janābat [ritual bath], he will be treated with fire [i.e. he will be tormented with fire].’ (Sunan Abī Dāwūd, vol. 1, pp. 117, Ḥadīš 249)

if Satr is uncovered during Ghusul. If Taĥband1 is worn, there is no harm in it. During Ghusl, rub the whole body with hands. Make Ghusl at such a place where nobody could see you. Neither talk during Ghusul nor recite any Waẓīfaĥ. After the Ghusul, body can be wiped with a towel etc. Put on cloths immediately after the Ghusl. To offer two Rak’āt Nafl Namaz after Ghusl is Mustaḥab provided the time is not Makrūĥ. (Common books of Ḥanafī jurisprudence)

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Ghusl Steps | You will learn

Five causes of Ghusl being Farḍ (Compulsory)
Ghusl does not become Farḍ (Compulsory) in following cases
Three Farāiḍ (Compulsory Element) of Ghusl
Method of Ghusl
Method of Ghusl in flowing water
Five Sunnaĥ (Optional) -occasions of making Ghusl
Twenty three cautions for woman during Ghusl
Bandaged wound
Other Tips

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